Comparative analysis of the structural components of personality (part 3)
According to the results of express diagnostics, the following results were obtained.
In the cognitive sphere of adolescents, the level of thinking in this sample of German schoolchildren is slightly higher. The level of intellectual activity is also higher, and there are no significant differences in the level of creative activity. That is, both German and Russian students are equally motivated for the creative process, but the motivation for learning with German high school students is higher than with Russian students.
Emotionally strong-willed sphere also has its differences in the category of “will”. Our compatriots have higher indicators, that is, they have a more developed volitional component.Emotions were also distributed unequivocally.
The level of aggression is higher among Russian youths. But among girls, both ours and German schoolchildren, depressive and anxious conditions prevail. In addition, Russian youths also expressed increased anxiety and stress levels.
Obviously, the level, lifestyle and society are more stressful factors for Russian high school students than for German schoolchildren, which is due to these indicators.
As an example, we can give a demo table and a picture of the distribution of the indicated parameters in one subject.
Another indicator that deserves attention is the correspondence between the biological age and the calendar, which informs about the general condition of the body, its state of health and health.
In German high school students, the biological age either corresponds to, or even below the calendar. For Russian schoolchildren, on the contrary, the biological age is higher than the calendar.
This is because the lifestyle and the presence of addictions in our adolescents affect the state of the body.
For example, German youths under 16, for the most part, do not smoke. They are allowed to consume beer by law only from 16 years old. By the age of 16, Russian teenagers already have nicotine addiction, and many even have beer alcoholism, although under Russian laws it is forbidden to sell tobacco and alcohol products to minors.
There is a paradoxical situation among Russian adolescents: “forbidden, then allowed!”
This position leads to a greater degree to deviant, i.e. the behavior of our boys and girls deviating from the generally accepted norm.
This is confirmed by the indicators of the behavioral sphere, in which more aggressive tendencies were revealed in Russian schoolchildren than in German high school students, including girls.
As for the motivational-need sphere and the professional orientation of the personality, there are no special differences. It can be answered that both Russian and German girls are more focused on the social and humanitarian sphere and the choice of professions such as: teacher, medical worker, social worker, art critic, etc. Practical and managerial activities prevail among Russian young men, represented by the professions of technologist, engineer, manager, manager, etc. As for the German youths, along with the choice of practical activities, they are also inclined to the choice of creative professions: artist, musician, teacher ator et al.
It should be noted that many German and Russian students are in the zone of instability of their position. This is due to puberty itself, which is characterized by psychophysiological characteristics and intrapersonal contradictions of a teenager.
In general, we can conclude that Russian and German high school students have their own distinctive features, due to the environment of development and education. However, age itself and its specificity do not make a cardinal difference between adolescents.
A teenager is a growing personality with his character, his inner world and his understanding of this world. An important factor determining the characterological features is the environment that surrounds it. If a teenager is not considered an adult, he begins to behave like a child and forms immature, i.e. infantile personality. Therefore, it is important to timely identify any violations or deviations, as well as understand the specifics of growing up a child. Comprehensive diagnostics aimed at studying various aspects of an individual will help both prevent negative manifestations and help harmonize the development of an emerging personality.
So, according to the results of this rapid diagnostic, it is possible to optimize the complex of counseling and correctional measures of psychological and pedagogical orientation on the basis of objective data.
The results can be used both for self-correction, as an objective source of information, and for further work with a professional psychologist, psychotherapist.
In addition, this diagnosis may be applicable for a larger sample in order to study the various structural components of the personality, its psychophysiological and characterological features.